閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“Pilgrims” (1620年移居美國的英國清教徒)、 “Mayflower” (五月花號)、“historians”(歷史學家) 、“boat lovers”(船隻愛好者),所以文章一定跟” 歷史學家與船隻愛好者都想知道更多關於1620年搭乘五月花號移居美國的英國清教徒的故事”有關。


 

For generations, historians and boat lovers have been trying to

 

learn more about the brave ship that brought the Pilgrims to America.

 

The task is a difficult one because Mayflower was such a common

 

name for ships back in early seventeenth-century England that there

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were at least twenty of them when the Pilgrims left for the New World.

 

An exact duplicate of the Mayflower has been built in England

 

and given to the people of the US as a symbol of good will and

 

common ancestry linking Britons and Americans. The Pilgrims’

 

Mayflower apparently was built originally as a fishing vessel. It seems

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to have been 90 feet long by 22 feet wide, displacing 180 tons of

 

water. The duplicate measures 90 feet by 26 feet, displaces 183

 

tons, and has a crew of 21, as did the original vessel. The new

 

Mayflower has no motor but travels faster than the old boat.

 

What happened to the historic boat? So far as can be told, the

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Mayflower went back to less colorful jobs and, not too many years

 

later, was scrapped. What happened to the beams, masts, and

 

planking is questionable. In the English city of Abingdon, there is a

 

Congregational church that contains two heavy wooden pillars. Some

 

say these pillars are masts from the Mayflower. A barn in the English

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town of Jordans seemed to be built with old ship timbers. Marine

 

experts said these timbers were impregnated with salt and, if put

 

together, would form a vessel 90 feet by 22 beet. The man who

 

owned the farm when the peculiar barn was built was a relative of the

 

man who appraised the Mayflower when it was scrapped.

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So the original Mayflower may still be doing service ashore while

 

her duplicate sails the seas again.

( ) 1. A long search was made for the Pilgrims’ boat because it _____.

(A) contained valuable materials (B) might still do sea service

(C) has historical importance (D) would link Great Britain and America

( ) 2. It has been difficult to discover what happened to the original Mayflower because _____.

(A) many ships bore the same name (B) it was such a small vessel

(C) the search was begun too early (D) it has become impregnated with salt

( ) 3. The British sent a duplicate of the Mayflower to America because _____.

(A) the original could not be located

(B) they wanted to make a gesture of friendship

(C) parts of the original could be used

(D) historians recommended such a step

( ) 4. Compared with the original Mayflower, the modern duplicate _____.

(A) is longer (B) carries a larger crew (C) is identical (D) is somewhat wider

解析

英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“Pilgrims” (1620年移居美國的英國清教徒)、 “Mayflower” (五月花號)、“historians”(歷史學家) 、“boat lovers”(船隻愛好者),所以文章一定跟” 歷史學家與船隻愛好者都想知道更多關於1620年搭乘五月花號移居美國的英國清教徒的故事”有關。

第1題:對於在1620年搭乘五月花號移居美國的英國清教徒,做了很久的研究的原因為何?根據文章的第1行至第2行,可得知一代接著一代,歷史學家和船隻愛好者們都一直試圖了解更多關於載著清教徒到美國的船的事情,由此可見這件事是有歷史價值的,因此答案是(C)。

更多詳細解析 請參考 國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.22-閱讀測驗篇

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